If you are familiar with sustainable gardening, then you might be wondering what it is, considering why it is such a key topic and if it is worth considering introducing into your life.
There are plenty of good reasons to start sustainable gardening, and it is very simple to do once you understand the basics of it.
Sustainable gardening techniques are important to helping you provide safe and nutritious food for yourself and your family without harming the environment.
Whether you need Mittleider gardening tips or tips on how to grow certain vegetables, the key thing is to understand how sustainable gardening can help you, and how you can implement it into your life.
#1. Stop Using Chemicals
If you have issues with pests and diseases in your garden, there is certain to be a big company waiting to take your money. Chemicals are easy to get a hold of, and they work, but the cost is not just financial.
While these are quick solutions most often poison soil, wildlife, waterways, crops, and more. We need to re-work our thinking when it comes to infestations, pests, and diseases. Fast solutions are not always the best.
Pesticides and fertilizers leach into the soil and affect crops this year and years to come. And, not only do they kill off pests but also beneficial insects such as pollinators.
Instead, choose ways to eliminate pests naturally, it will take longer, but it is worth it in the long term.
#2. Start Compost Piles
Compost piles take materials that would go into landfills and make them into nutritious materials that gardens love and need. It not only reduces waste but also rejuvenates tired soils.
When we grow vegetables and flowers, they take nutrition from the soil, and eventually, the soil will be too depleted. Composting is an inexpensive and easy way to build the soil back up so that you can continue growing without harming the soil!
Compost is naturally a fertilizer and reduces our dependence on chemical fertilizers. There is no reason not to compost as it reuses waste and is free! It reuses waste that you would otherwise have to throw away into a landfill.
#3. Conserve Water
Flower gardens and vegetable patches all use lots of water, however, water supplies are not never-ending. If you live in a water-rich area, it might not be necessary for you, but in hotter climates or poorer watered areas, valuing water is key.
Even a minor drought can decimate a garden.
Now, there are plenty of ways you can conserve water, the easiest way is through a rain catchment system, using barrels to collect water from the sky when it falls. You can then store it to use later on.
These are also brilliant ways to prevent water from running off of the land.
There is some controversy around doing this in some areas, some states and towns are strict on this so make sure to check the rules in your area relative to this.
However, some states offer incentives for residents to harvest rainwater, so if this is your state you need to start on this ASAP!
#4. Plant Native Plants
Plants that are not native species to your area tend to need more water, nutrition, and effort, so they use more overall resources. Instead, plant native species to generate a landscape that is more sustainable overall.
As well as not using as many resources, native species will also attract more pollinators, which is a total win for any flower or vegetable garden.
Native plants tend to be more tolerant to drought as well, so they usually do not need as many water resources anyway. Besides, most native species are also acclimatized to your environment without needing any additional help.
They will be less difficult to maintain in your environment.
#5. Stop Tilling Your Garden
Tilling the soil in your garden is rather detrimental to your soil. More and more people these days are welcoming a no-till methodology, as tilling destroys the earth.
It decimates the natural structure of the soil, thus killing microbes that are vital for healthy soil due to exposure to the sun's heat. Earthworms get cut up, and the soil struggles to retain moisture.
Tilling also brings up weed seeds, so they’re more likely to sprout, instead use crop rotation, mulching, and compost!
In general, there are plenty of practices you can adapt to get a more sustainable garden, try all five of these and watch your garden flourish better than ever before!